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Dangerous Goods + Waste

Dangerous Goods

General Agreement
CargoBeamer undertakes transport of semi-trailers with dangerous goods that are pursuant to the European Convention involving the international transport of dangerous goods on motorways and railways (ADR/RID).  Excluded from transport are the following classes:

  • 1-Explosives and objects containing explosive material
  • 7-Radioactivity.
It must be ensured; that the loading unit is pursuant to the European Convention involving the international transport of dangerous goods on motorways and railways (ADR/RID), and correctly handed over to CargoBeamer.

Delivery/ Pick-up
Dangerous goods are able to be delivered and picked up on arrival and departure days respectively due to terminals not being able to store the goods.

Identification of the semi-trailer

Since 01.01.2011 the RID has required that semi-trailers transporting dangerous goods need to be either identified (1.1.4.4.3 RID) front and back with orange coloured warning signs or along both sides with appropriate large notices (posters).

Waste

General Agreement
Most waste can also be carried by rail in combined transport.  In doing so, waste regulations and – if the waste is classified as dangerous goods- the dangerous goods regulations have to be adhered to as well.

Germany

With the rearrangement of the recycling economy and waste legislation (KrWG) from 01.06.2012, all collectors, transporters, dealers, and brokers of rubbish have the responsibility before starting their operation to report their function to the local authorities.  The new KrWG differentiates only between the hazardousness of the waste.  In Germany, no waste can be transported without it being reported or permitted.

Italy

Traceability of waste- SISTRI

The implementation of SISTRI for obligated parties has been newly defined several times.

SISTRI is obligatory for the following parties:

Corporations and organizations with more than 10 employees, original producers of dangerous special waste involving the following operations:

  • Agriculture and Agroindustry, professional fisheries and aquaculture
  • Demolition, construction, and earth moving professions
  • Industrial manufacturing
  • Skilled manual manufacturing
  • Trade professions
  • Service professions
  • Sanitation services
  • Corporations and organizations, original producers of dangerous special waste, where the waste is temporarily stored.
  • Corporations and organizations, that commercially transport dangerous special waste, including foreign freighters, that are active in Italian territory
  • Corporations and organizations, that handle with dangerous household and special waste, salvage, dispose, deal or conciliate, including „new generators“, that handle or create hazardous waste.
  • Situations involving Intermodal-Transport, every participant, whether the dangerous special waste from ship- or rail or other transport organizations that are entrusted


Producers, managers, intermediaries and dealers of rubbish, other than the aforementioned, can free willingly join SISTRI.

Cumpulsory dates for bringing SISTRI into service:

  • Ocober 1, 2013 for corporations and organizations that commercially collect or transport dangerous special waste, including foreign freighters, that are active in Italian territory or cross-border waste transport that originates in Italian territory, also hazardous waste which is handled, recycled, disposed, conciliated or dealt, including new producers.
  • March 3, 2014 for original producers of hazardous waste.


Up to December 31, 2015
  • Waste Recogntion Notice and Rubbish Register must continued to be completed;
  • From April 1, 2015, all SISTRI sanctions to be undertaken; including exceptions, yearly fees,  that are not registered by SISTRI
  • Will continue to be sanctioned through the Waste Recognition Notice and the Rubbish Register


The implementation of SISTRI for obligated parties must pay their yearly fees by April 30, 2015.  This needs to be registered with all pertinent information regarding payment in the SISTRI-portal “AREA GESTIONE AZIENDA”.

SISTRI registered parties; that are no longer SISTRI obligated, must NOT pay the yearly fee, including processes that are forthcoming and not yet completed
  • // Quelle: Handelskammer Bozen

Load Safety and Supervision

The handover of the semi-trailer guarantees the customer that the loaded goods are within the guidelines for safe transport in combined transport.
The term „secure“ is to be understood that; the condition of the semi-trailer and their goods are safe for secure transport.  Liquids and other goods that have certain temperature requirements need to be on suitable trailers before being transported.

The packaging and the load security must meet ADR/RID regulations.  The regulations of ADR paragraph 7.5.7.1 are to be complied with, when the load; according to the Norm EN 12195- 1:2010 (applicable for the interpretation of a different backup method for securing cargo for overland transport by road vehicles or trailers) is being secured.
For combined transport with a maritime portion it must meet the IMO/ILO/UNECE regulations for packing and loading of carriage units.   Here within, a danger or contamination (content loss, steam leakage, odours) happening due to improperly closed vents/valves must be avoided during transport.
If the trailer does not meet the transport regulations, the defect has to be corrected before the trailer enters the terminal, otherwise, the entry to the terminal will not be allowed.  Trailers will only be transferred to the road carrier if the identified carrier followed terminal procedure (1.10 ADR/RID).  Furthermore, additional monitoring from the terminal operator can be implemented; especially trailer/ vehicle registration certificates, the ADR vocational training certificate of the driver, and the proof of this in written form in the vehicle.

Loading Systems and Controls

When the loading unit is delivered, the party that delivers the unit for
Combined Transport guarantees that it is suitable and that the unit and the
goods it contains meet the safety requirements for Combined Transport.
By “safety” it is meant that the state of the loading unit and the goods it
contains allow a safe transport. Liquids and goods requiring specific
temperature shall be loaded in suitable loading units. The packaging and
securing of the goods shall be performed in accordance with the requirements
specified in ADR/RID.

In Road-Rail Combined Transport, the requirements in paragraph 7.5.7.1
ADR are fulfilled if the cargo is secured in accordance with standard EN
12195-1:2010 (applicable to the design of securing methods of loads for
surface transport by road vehicles and trailers). For Combined Transports
including a sea voyage also the IMO/ILO/UN ECE Guidelines for
packing of cargo transport units can be referred to.
Consequently, any danger or incident (content loss or vapour emission,
smell) must be avoided during the rail transport which would be caused
by not properly closed valves or by the unlocking of the domes.

Loading rules:

locking/closing of the domes when transporting containers, it must
be referred to the validity of the CSC plate or to the participation in the ACEP
programme.

Verification of the CSC plate with participation in the ACEP programme:

If the ITU does not meet the statutory carriage provisions, it will have to
be made compliant before it is allowed in the terminal. Should it prove
impossible, the terminal shall not accept this unit.
The ITUs are handed over for transport (road) only if the carriers are duly
identified in accordance with the process implemented in the terminals
(1.10 ADR/RID). Moreover, some additional controls may be carried
out by the terminal manager, namely the certificate of approval of the
ITU / vehicle, the ADR training certificate of the driver and the availability
of the safety instructions within the cabin.

Information Required During the Carriage of Dangerous Goods

In accordance with ADR/RID 5.4, the following information shall be given
to the CT operators either during booking or at latest when delivering the
unit to the terminal.

Provisions for all classes

• The identification number of the hazard must precede the UN code
when goods are transported in tank-containers, portable tanks,
MEGCs and containers for carriage in bulk (only RID).
• The goods’ UN number should be preceded by the letters “UN”.
• The proper shipping name should be specified and, where appropriate,
completed by its technical name in brackets (special provisions
(SP) 61 and 27).
• Where appropriate completed with information foreseen by complementary
special provisions (for example 640, 645, …).
• Except for class 7, the number of the hazard label template mentioned
in column 5 of table 3.2.A or where appropriate according to the SP of
the column 6. Where several numbers of labels are given, the numbers
which follow the first one must be indicated in brackets. If there is no
corresponding label template, the class must be inserted.
• If relevant, the packing group attributed to the substance may be
preceded by the letters “PG”.
• If a substance meets the classification criteria of 2.2.9.1.10, the transport
document must additionally contain the words “ENVIRONMENTALLY
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE”. This special provision shall not
be applied for UN 3077 and 3082 neither for exemptions foreseen in
5.2.1.8.1.
• A declaration in conformity with the provisions of a particular agreement.
• For the transport of packages: the number and description of the packages,
the total quantity of each substance should be characterized
by its UN number, its proper shipping name and packing group
(expressed in volume, gross or net weight as the case may be). The
total weight of the dangerous goods must be mentioned in kg.
• Limited quantity: indication of the gross weight.
Additional provisions for class 1
• The Classification Code specified in column 3b of table A and, where
appropriate, followed in brackets by the number of the label template
other than 1, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6.
• The total net mass of the explosive goods in kg. In case of a complete
load, addition of the number of packages and the mass in kg of each
package.

Additional provisions for class 2 (5.4.1.2.2d RID)
In the case of portable tanks and tank-containers containing deeply
refrigerated liquefied gases, the consignor shall enter in the consignment
note: “THE TANK IS GUARANTEED AS INSULATED IN ORDER THAT
THE VALVES CANNOT OPEN BEFORE …”.
Additional provisions for transport including a maritime trip
For transport of an ITU preceding or following a maritime journey, where
appropriate, the “specific provisions”: “TRANSPORT ACCORDING TO
1.1.4.2.1” shall be added in the transport document.
Additional provisions for waste transport
The proper shipping name shall be preceded by the word “WASTE”,
unless this term is part of the proper shipping name (5.4.1.1.3).
Additional provisions for uncleaned empty ITUs and packages
For empty means of containment other than class 7 and for gas recipients
with a capacity of more than 1000 l, the words “EMPTY, UNCLEANED”
shall be indicated (5.4.1.1.6.1).
For empty packagings other than class 7, including receptacles for gases
with a capacity of not more than 1000 litres, the goods’ declaration must
include the type of package followed by “EMPTY” (5.4.1.1.6.2.1).
Additional provisions for cooling or conditioning
substances (ADR/RID 5.5.3.7.1)
During the carriage of containers that have been cooled or conditioned,
the UN number preceded by the UN letters followed by the name indicated
in Column (2) of Table A of Chapter 3.2 followed by the words “AS
COOLANT” or “AS CONDITIONER” shall be indicated in the transport
document.
For example: “UN 1845, CARBON DIOXIDE, SOLID, AS COOLANT”.
Additional provisions for environmentally hazardous
substances
When a substance belonging to one of classes 1 to 9 meets the classification
criteria of 2.2.9.1.10, the transport document shall bear the
additional inscription “ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS” or “MARINE
POLLUTANT / ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS”. This additional
requirement does not apply to UN Nos. 3077 and 3082 or for the exceptions
listed in 5.2.1.8.1. The inscription “MARINE POLLUTANT” instead
of “ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS” is acceptable for carriage in a
transport chain including maritime carriage.

Special marks

Substances carried at an elevated temperature (RID 5.3.3)
Additional mark for substances according to special provision 580
Sides: at least 25 cm
Large containers, tankcontainers and portable tanks:
on 4 sides
Road vehicles: on both sides and at the rear
Environmentally hazardous substances (RID 5.3.6)
Large containers, MEGCs, tankcontainers and portable tanks
shall be marked with a placard of at least 25 cm x 25 cm – The
mark shall be affixed on the 4 sides when a placard must be
affixed in conformity with the provisions of chapter 5.3.1.
Limited quantities (RID 3.4.7 and RID 3.4.15)
The “diamond” mark (at least 25 cm x 25 cm) or “LTD QTY”
(valid until 30.03.2015 – height of the characters at least 65 mm)
shall be affixed on the 4 sides of the container / at the front and
rear for transport units during the transport of packages over
8 tonnes in limited quantities.
This is not necessary if the unit already bears placards in
accordance with 5.3.1 of RID.

Substances used for cooling or conditioning (5.5.3) Dimensions: 15 cm x 25 cm
Containers containing dangerous goods used for cooling or conditioning shall be marked with a warning mark, as specified in 5.5.3.6.2 affixed at each access point in a location where it will be easily seen by persons opening or entering the wagon or container.

Quelle: UIRR Gefahrgutinfo 2013